In addition to how to make wine at home, you can also check out the section on home brew kits, which do apply to wine as they would for beer. These are just to help with the process and make it easier on the inexperienced winemaker, but purchasing a kit is certainly not necessary.
How to Make Wine at Home: Ingredient List
Since this demonstration is for the most basic of home wine making, only the simplest ingredients will be required. These can be purchased from pretty much any supermarket that carries them in their aisles, or with a simple point and click on the Internet. Sometimes a few ingredients may not be available everywhere, so plan ahead for the homemade wine making process. These can be altered at your discretion to give your own flair to the product.
• Water. Available anywhere.
• Sugar. Available anywhere.
• Fruit. Any kind. Fresh, frozen or canned.
• Active yeast for creating the alcohol.
• Sodium metabisulfite (Campden tablets).
How to Make Wine at Home: Equipment List
These are all of the tools that you will need in the creation of any wine. These home brew supplies will make the job as simple as following instructions. Most of them, like the ingredients above, are readily available in most hardware stores or kitchen aisles. Supermarkets, if large and diverse enough, are sure to sell them – and if not, general markets will. These can also be purchased online and shopped to the home at the most convenient business day.
• Airtight 2 gallon plastic bucket.
• Bottle brush.
• Fermentation vessel.
• Large aluminum pan.
• Cheesecloth or thin mesh for straining.
• Large wooden spoon.
• Several handheld bottles with resealable lids.
There are others, but these should be suitable to get you started in your homemade wine ventures.
How to Make Wine at Home: The Process
This is the final part and concludes home wine making. You may note similarities between this method and the one on how to make beer. The difference is that the taste between them are completely different. Both homemade variants are good, but certainly nothing alike. Choose which one you wish to make before proceeding.
Step #1: Extract Flavors. Use an available method on your chosen type of fruit in order to extract the juice (and thus the flavor) from it. This only applies to frozen and fresh fruits. Concentrated fruit juices are definitely viable options for this step to avoid having to press your own, so consider those for simplicity sake as a novice.
Water may need to be added here so that the flavor of the fruit is diluted a bit to give it a less powerful and overwhelming taste, but this depends on the type of fruit and the extraction method, if any. If the fruit residual is unsweetened, then sugar may be dissolved in this step to taste. The yeast becomes added as well, where the next step may begin.
Step #2: Fermentation. The sugars found naturally in the extract or the juice will be eaten up by the the yeast during this step. Place them in the vessel (sterilized) that you have purchased and lock it up tight. It should be noted that every single step involving winemaking needs to have sterilized and clean tools, can be achieved by boiling everything in an industrial-sized pot for a few minutes. Leave the liquid in for as long as is necessary.
Step #3: Bottling and Setting. This is the final process. Clean all of the bottles you have purchased with the resealable lids with the funnel. Before you do that, use the bottle brush to get deeper into the creases and further sterilize it after exposing it to boiling liquid. You want to keep all unnecessary bacteria out during the aging process.
Take your liquid and place it over a cheesecloth, getting all of the extra bits and pieces out, and placing the liquid into a separate vessel (that has also been sterilized). Only then should you place the finished wine into the bottles and seal them up. Include sodium metabisulfite into the mix in the form of Campden tablets in order to further inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria. From here on out, all you do is simply wait for it to become rich and flavorful.